Sessions on Quantum Technologies (Nov 28)
and Nonlinear Optics (Dec 5)
Date: Wednesday 2018.12.05Speaker: Prof. Ryszard Tanaś (keynote speaker)Affiliation: Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, PolandTitle: Memories of Prof. Stanisław KielichAbstract: In my talk I would like to remind some historical facts from the biography of Professor Stanisław Kielich related to the beginning and progress of nonlinear optics in Poznań.
Sessions on Quantum Technologies (Nov 28)
and Nonlinear Optics (Dec 5)
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Shilan Ismael AboAffiliation: Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, AMU, PoznańTitle: Photon-phonon blockadeAbstract: Many applications in quantum technologies, such as quantum cryptography or optical quantum information processing, require light sources with a precise number of photons. Photon (phonon) blockade is the quantum phenomenon that occurs in a driven nonlinear system, in which a single photon (phonon) in the system prohibits the generation or entry of other photons (phonons) to the system. These effects are described by the sub-Poissonian excitation-number statistics. Here we describe cases such that a combined photon-phonon mode exhibits sub-Poissonian statistics, while each mode, if analyzed separately, exhibits super-Poissonian statistics.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Ievgen I. ArkhipovAffiliation: Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacky University and Institute of Physics of CAS, Olomouc, Czech RepublicTitle: Revealing nonclassicality of Gaussian states of lightAbstract: We present a method that allows one to completely reveal nonclassicality of Gaussian states of light, initially generated in optical spontaneous parametric processes, by means of an appropriately induced stimulated emission. Namely, we exploit the fact that stimulating fields in stimulated emission processes for Gaussian states play the role of displacing coherent fields, which, therefore, by no means affect nonclassicality of initially generated Gaussian states. Then, by utilizing a certain nonclassicality criterion, which is expressed in terms of integrated intensity moments of optical fields up to the second order, we show that one can truly certify the presence of quantum correlations of such Gaussian states by varying the complex amplitude of stimulating coherent fields.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Karol BartkiewiczAffiliations:Title: Measuring distance between points in Hilbert space with photons
1 Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, AMU, Poznań
2 RCPTM, Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Czech RepublicAbstract: The quantum properties of polarisation-correlated photon pairs like, e.g., quantum entanglement, purity etc. make them a powerful resource in quantum communication, including quantum key distribution protocols. These properties and their quantifiers, which can be defined in terms of distances in Hilbert space, are usually measured indirectly by first performing complete quantum state tomography and then calculating their value from the reconstructed density matrices. In many cases this procedure requires performing more measurements than necessary to characterise the investigated quantum property and it tells little about the nature of the characterised property. I will explain how to directly measure the distance between points in Hilbert space using single photons, the maximal level of Bell inequality violation, a universal entanglement witness and the negativity of an arbitrary two-photon polarisation state by only two-photon interference of photons assorted from a few (at most four) copies of the investigated state. I will discuss the experimental challenges and limitations of this approach as well as the possible solutions within the framework of linear optics.
 Bartkiewicz, K., Horst, B., Miranowicz, A., “Entanglement estimation from Bell inequality violation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 052105 (2013).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Lemr, K., Černoch, A., Miranowicz, A, “Bell nonlocality and fully entangled fraction measured in an entanglement-swapping device without quantum state tomography,” Phys. Rev. A 95, 030102R (2017).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Horodecki, P., Lemr, K., Miranowicz, A., Życzkowski, K., “Method for universal detection of two-photon polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 032315 (2015).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Beran, J., Lemr, K., Norek, M., Miranowicz, A., “Quantifying entanglement of a two-qubit system via measurable and invariant moments of its partially transposed density matrix,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 022323 (2015).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Chimczak, G., Lemr, K., “Direct method for measuring and witnessing quantum entanglement of arbitrary two-qubit states through Hong-Ou-Mandel interference, ” Phys. Rev. A 95, 022331 (2017).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Chimczak., “Two methods for measuring Bell nonlocality via local unitary invariants of two-qubit systems in Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometers,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 012107 (2018).
 Bartkiewicz, K., Lemr, K., Černoch, A., Soubusta, J., “Measuring nonclassical correlations of two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 062102 (2013).
 Trávníček, V., Bartkiewicz, K., Černoch, A., Lemr. K., “Experimental measurement of a nonlinear entanglement witness by hyperentangling two-qubit states,” Phys. Rev. A 98, 032307 (2018).
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Antonin Černoch (invited speaker)Affiliation: Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech RepublicTitle: Beam-splitting tricksAbstract: Abstract: Beam-splitter is a very common component of setups for quantum information experiments. The quality of measurement results strongly depends on its parameters especially on splitting ratio. In this talk some tricks how to fine tune the splitting ratio will be shown.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Grzegorz ChimczakAffiliation: Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, AMU, PoznańTitle: Four-level diamond-type atom as a field-field couplerAbstract: Abstract: We present engineering a fully controllable effective coupling between two quantized cavity modes via an ensemble of four-level atoms in the diamond configuration. This controllable effective coupling makes it possible to transfer coherent superpositions of cavity-mode number states from one mode to the other on demand. We also show that despite the fact that the system is complex, it is possible to describe its evolution using a simple effective Hamiltonian
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Izabela DomagalskaAuthors: Izabela A. Domagalska 1, Marcin W. Jarosik 2, Radosław Szczęśniak 2, Joanna K. Kalaga 1Affiliations:Title: The influence of a charge asymmetry of cores on the physical state of the positively charged molecule ion.
1 Quantum Optics and Engineering Division, Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland
2 Institute of Physics, Częstochowa University of Technology, Częstochowa, PolandAbstract: We have analyzed the dynamics of the positively charged ion of a diatomic molecule, in which the atomic cores are under the influence of an external force of harmonic-type which is explicitly dependent on the amplitude and frequency. The ground state of the ion has been determined using the variational method. The influence of charge core asymmetry on such state energy and the filling of ion nodes has been calculated. We have also verified how the charge asymmetry of the cores affects the value of the Lyapunov exponent.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Prof. Andrzej GrudkaAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Time travel and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.Abstract: One of the most surprising predictions of general relativity is possibility of time travel into one’s past. These so called closed timelike curves lead to the grandfather paradox. However Deutsch and also Bennett and Schumacher proposed quantum models which avoid this paradox. In this talk we show what are implications of these models to the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. hab. Krzysztof GrygielAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Anomalous rotational diffusion in electric fieldsAbstract: The formulae for linear electric polarization induced by harmonic electric field in liquids composed of rigid noninteracting dipolar and asymmetric-top molecules in spherical solvents are derived. The model of noninertial, anomalous rotational Brownian motion is applied. The fractional rotational diffusion equations are solved and time evolution of the electric polarizability is investigated for the case when a dc-electric field is turned off and for the stationary state case when only an ac-field is present. Numerical analysis of the dispersion and absorption parts of electric polarizability is performed as well as the influence of molecular parameters on so-called Cole-Cole plots is investigated.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Kateřina JirákováAuthors: Kateřina Jiráková 1*, Karol Bartkiewicz 2,1, Antonín Černoch 3, and Karel Lemr 11 RCPTM, Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Olomouc, Czech RepublicTitle: Experimental counterfeiting of quantum money
2 Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
3 Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Joint Laboratory of Optics of PU and IP AS CR, Olomouc, Czech Republic
(*) Presently on leave at Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, PolandAbstract: The concept of quantum money has been originally suggested by S. Wiesner in the 1970s. Its main advantage is that every attempt to copy quantum banknotes leaves the quantum states changed providing a mark on money counterfeits. According to the no-cloning theorem the quantum states cannot be in general perfectly cloned (copied). However, an imperfect cloning is still possible. We present a version of an eavesdropping attack on the protocol proposed by Bozzio et al. (2018). The aim of our research is to demonstrate that cloning implemented even rarely enough that it is indistinguishable from noise is fully sufficient to acquire useful information to counterfeit quantum banknotes. We exploit the fact that completely random encoding of quantum banknotes is computationally impractical and that the bank needs to select a non-random but secret encoding algorithm. Data analysis or machine learning allow the attacker to discover bank’s secret and thus predict future banknotes merely on the basis of partial information gained by cloning of previous banknotes.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Joanna Kalaga (invited speaker)Authors: J. K. Kalaga 1,2, W. Leoński 1,2, M. W. Jarosik 3, and R. Szczęśniak 3Affiliations:Title: Generation of squeezed states in a quantum-chaotic system
1 Quantum Optics and Engineering Division, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland
2 Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of CAS, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
3 Institute of Physics, Częstochowa University of Technology, Częstochowa, PolandAbstract: Analysis of quantum dynamics of the systems which classical counterparts exhibit chaotic behavior seems to be one of the most intriguing topics related to the quantum dynamics’ research. In particular, finding the methods allowing detection of the appearance of the quantum chaos is especially intriguing. We consider here the application of the normally ordered variances of the quadratures operators as a witness of quantum-chaotic evolution. We discuss them in a context of the anharmonic Kerr-like oscillator excited by a series of ultra-short coherent pulses.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Marcin KarczewskiAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Monogamy of Particle Statistics in Tripartite Systems Simulating Bosons and FermionsAbstract: In the quantum world, correlations can take the form of entanglement which is known to be monogamous. Following Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 090403 (2018), we will argue that another type of correlation, indistinguishability, is also restricted by some form of monogamy. Namely, if particles A and B simulate bosons, then A and C cannot perfectly imitate fermions. The main point of this talk consists in demonstrating to what extent it is possible.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. hab. Anna Kowalewska-KudłaszykAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Photon blockade via squeezing
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. hab. Paweł KurzyńskiAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Evolution of negative probability distributionsAbstract: There is an intriguing idea that quantum theory would be recovered if standard probabilities were replaced by negative probabilities and some events were deemed unobservable. However, such approach would be able to recover only one half of quantum theory – state description and measurement. The other half of the theory describes how states change in time. In this presentation I will discuss which evolutions of negative probability distributions are allowed. It is known that the evolution of standard probability distributions is determined by stochastic matrices, which generate either simple reversible permutations, or fundamentally irreversible dynamics. On the other hand, the evolution of negative probability distributions can be described by pseudo-stochastic matrices, i.e., matrices whose entries are given by negative probabilities. These matrices give rise to a much richer dynamics in which there are nontrivial reversible transformations.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Zakarya LasmarAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: On composite behaviour of complex quantum systems: sometimes entanglement needs to be backed by interaction
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. hab. Karel Lemr (invited speaker)Affiliation: Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech RepublicTitle: Diagnosing quantum relays by means of collective entanglement witnessesAbstract: The talk discusses the possibility to use collective entanglement witnesses, namely the collectibility, in quantum relay diagnostics. Theoretical concept as well as an experimental implementation shall be presented. The talk promotes benefits of this idea by comparing its experimental requirements with previously used methods.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Prof. Wiesław LeońskiAffiliation: Quantum Optics and Engineering Division, Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, PolandTitle: Quantum steering in a system of three qubits – some remarks and findings (keynote talk)Abstract: We discuss a system of three qubits and concentrate on the quantum steering effect appearing in such a system. In particular, we discuss the relations of the steering with the other form of quantum correlations, the quantum entanglement [1,2]. Additionally, we present how the interesting us effects can appear in the three-mode triangle Bose–Hubbard system .
 J. K. Kalaga, W. Leoński, Quant. Inf. Process. (2017) 16:175
 J. K. Kalaga, W. Leoński, J. Perina Jr., Phys. Rev. A (2018) 97:042110
 J. K. Kalaga, W. Leoński, R. Szczęśniak Quant. Inf. Process. (2017) 16:265
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Prof. Adam MiranowiczAuthors: A. F. Kockum 1, A. Miranowicz 1,2, S. De Liberato 1,3, S. Savasta 1,4, and F. Nori 1,5Affiliations:Title: Deterministic quantum nonlinear optics without photons
1 Theoretical Quantum Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2 Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
3 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
(4) Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche e Informatiche, Scienze Fisiche e Scienze della Terra, Universita di Messina, Messina, Italy
(5) Physics Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USAAbstract:We show how analogs of a large number of well-known nonlinear-optics phenomena can be realized with one or more two-level atoms coupled to one or more resonator modes in the ultrastrong-coupling regime. Through higher-order processes, where virtual photons are created and annihilated, an effective deterministic coupling between two states of such a system can be created. In this way, analogs of three-wave mixing, four-wave mixing, higher-harmonic and -subharmonic generation (i.e., up- and down-conversion), multiphoton absorption, parametric amplification, Raman and hyper-Raman scattering, the Kerr effect, and other nonlinear processes can be realized. In contrast to most conventional implementations of nonlinear optics, these analogs can reach unit efficiency, only use a minimal number of photons (they do not require any strong external drive), and do not require more than two atomic levels [1,2,3].
 A. F. Kockum, A. Miranowicz, V. Macri, S. Savasta, F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 95, 063849 (2017), e-print arXiv:1701.05038.
 R. Stassi, V. Macri, A. F. Kockum, O. Di Stefano, A. Miranowicz, S. Savasta, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. A 96, 023818 (2017), e-print arXiv:1702.00660
 A. F. Kockum, A. Miranowicz, S. De Liberato, S. Savasta, and F. Nori, in press in Nature Reviews Physics, e-print arXiv:1807.11636 .
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Mateusz NowotarskiAuthors: Mateusz Nowotarski 1 and Artur Barasiński 1,2Affiliations:Title: Entanglement properties of highly symmetric qudit states
1 Quantum Optics and Engineering Division, Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Z. Szafrana 4a, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland
2RCPTM, Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacky University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 17. Listopadu 12, 772 07 Olomouc, Czech RepublicAbstract: Quantum entanglement plays an important role in quantum theory as one of the most unintuitive physical phenomenons. Because of many possible applications, characterization of quantum states is an important task. While the calculation of entanglement measures for pure two-qudit states is not challenging, it becomes significantly much more complicated in case of mixed two-qudit states. The basic approach to this problem is restriction the specific subgroup of states which obey specific symmetrical conditions. Here we discus a recently introduced highly symmetric qudit states family with incomplete permutation symmetry [1, 2] This family consists of both pure and mixed states and can be described by five real parameters. For those states we perform extensive analysis of various conditions of separability and entanglement classification. Furthermore our results can be used for any arbitrary quantum state by application of twirling operator.
 A. Barasiński and M. Nowotarski, Phys. Rev. A 94, 062319 (2016)
 A. Barasiński and M. Nowotarski, Phys. Rev. A 95, 042333 (2017)
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. Małgorzata PaprzyckaAffiliation: Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, AMU, PoznańTitle: Raman spectroscopy in the investigation of proteinsAbstract: Modern medicine widely uses exogenous collagen as good material for tissue regeneration, also as natural substrate for cell attachment and proliferation, used to create dressings and to support the treatment of burn wounds or diabetic wounds, or finally as a source of amino acids in the diet complementary to the body’s needs [1,2]. Collagen is a safe material that has a high biocompatibility and biodegradability and good cell adhesion . Due to the possibility of transferring Creutzfeld-Jacob disease(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) from animals to the human body, the interest in collagen from fish increased. The collagen we examined comes from the skin of silver carp fish (Hypophtalmichthys molitrix), and was obtained by method of hydration in an aqueous lactic acid solution . The topography of the test sample was made with The Dimension® Icon™ Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM), showing its fibrillar structure, with dimensions equivalent to those shown in the literature . Raman spectroscopy was used to study fish collagen using a Renishaw Ramascope 1000 spectrometer. The source of the excitations was a helium-neon laser with a wavelength of 633 nm. Analysis of Raman spectra allowed to determine the content of amino acids in collagen, including glycine, proline and hydroxyproline. It also showed the native nature of the material at 200C. The durability of the secondary structure of this material heated to about 900C and cooled was also proved. Raman spectroscopy has been presented as an effective method for testing biopolymers .
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Date: Wednesday 2018.12.05Speaker: Prof. Jan Peřina Jr. (keynote speaker)Authors: J. Peřina1, Jr., W. Leoński2, A. Luks1, V. Peřinová1Affiliations:Title: Auto-ionization in the presence of a neighbor atom.
1Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University and Institute of Physics of Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Olomouc, Czech Republic
2 Quantum Optics and Engineering Division, Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, PolandAbstract: Long-time photoelectron ionization spectra of a system with an auto-ionizing level interacting with a neighbor two-level atom are discussed. These spectra are typically composed of several peaks. Conditions for the occurrence of Fano and Fano-like zeros are revealed. Photoelectron ionization spectra conditioned by the measurement on the two-level atom show oscillations at the Rabi frequency of the neighbor two-level atom. The presence of spectral dynamical zeros in the conditioned spectra is predicted. Also entanglement between an ionized electron and that bound on the two-level system is analyzed using negativity. Two-dimensional spectral density of negativity is defined to identify spectrally local entanglement between two electrons. It reveals that entanglement is ‘concentrated’ around spectral peaks.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Dr. hab. Jan Soubusta (invited speaker)Authors: Artur Barasiński 1,2, Antonín Černoch 2, Karel Lemr 2, and Jan Soubusta 2Affiliations:Title: Experimental testing of three-qubit nonlocality.
1 Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Poland
2 Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacky University and Institute of Physics of Czech Academy of Sciences, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic
Abstract: We are used to the fact that all bipartite pure entangled quantum states violate a Bell inequality. This means that measurement results on this quantum system manifest nonlocal correlations. So far the relationship between entanglement and nonlocality is still a subject of an intense study. Recently a new measure of nonlocality was proposed . It is defined as the probability, that the pure state will display nonlocal correlation when subjected to random measurements. When scanning over all possible projection measurements, we can define a nonlocal volume, which corresponds to the subspace in which the projection measurements prove nonlocality of the input state. We decided to test these relations for three-qubit states, generalized Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (gGHZ) states . It was recently shown that the nonlocal volume has very convenient properties. For example, for pure states this measure is monotonic with entanglement described by the gGHZ angle. The more the state is entangled, the larger is the probability to violate Bell inequalities selecting random measurements. For this purpose we first had to build an efficient experimental setup, that is capable to generate the gGHZ states. states and to carry out the optimal measurements very fast. Secondly, we have experimentally verified numerical simulations of optimal measurements proposed to detect the greatest violation of several Bell-type inequalities for three-partite states [3, 4]. Finally, we have started detailed experimental mapping of the projection measurement space to get the nonlocal volume of the tested states. We hope that this both theoretical end experimental research can help to get better insight into the abstract quantities characterizing quantum states and also to the mutual relationship between them [5, 6].
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Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: Prof. Ryszard Tanaś (keynote speaker)Affiliation: Nonlinear Optics Division, Physics Faculty, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, PolandTitle: Violation of monogamy relations for negativity in a three-atom systemAbstract: Quantum correlations in multi-qubit systems are subject of intensive studies because of their crucial role in quantum information processing. Probably the most popular measure of correlations is entanglement, but there are other measures that have been introduced and studied, such as quantum discord, geometric quantum discord, measurement induced disturbance and others. The simplest bipartite system in which the correlations can be studied is a system of two qubits, or two two-level atoms. In case of two-level atoms interacting with the reservoir of electromagnetic field modes in the vacuum, the evolution of the system can be described by the well known Lehmberg-Agarwal master equations. The collective evolution of the two-atom system depends on two collective parameters: collective damping 12 and dipole-dipole interaction γ12, which both depend on the interatomic distance. Such a system is a good testing ground for studying evolution of quantum correlations. We study a more complex system of three-atoms embedded in a common vacuum. Such a system is more difficult to describe because, for mixed states, we deal with 8×8 matrix which leads to 63 equations, and, what is even worse, there are no formulas to calculate concurrence, even if we know all the matrix elements. Fortunately, it is possible to calculate negativity, which is another measure of entanglement. Concurrence and negativity give the same values for pure states, but are different for mixed states. So, we use negativity as a measure of entanglement in a three-atom system. Master equation for the density matrix is solved, and we find evolution of the negativity in a three-atom system. The evolution depends on the collective parameters γij and Ωij. We test, in particular, the so called monogamy relations for negativity, for chosen initial states of the system. It is shown that for some states monogamy relations are violated.
Date: Wednesday 2018.12.05Speaker: Prof. Vasily V. Temnov (keynote speaker)Affiliation: Institute of Molecules and Materials of Le Mans, CNRS, Le MansTitle: Nonlinear magneto-plasmonics and Wood’s anomaly probed by magnetic second-harmonic generationAbstract: Angular- and wavelength-dependent magnetic second harmonic generation (mSHG) on periodic arrays of nickel nanodimers allowed us to identify a periodic structure acting as a meta-surface (diffraction forbidden) at the fundamental frequency and diffraction grating (diffraction allowed) at the double SHG frequency and observe the purely nonlinear Wood’s anomaly. Similar measurements on magneto-plasmonic multilayers in Kretschmann configuration are used to quantify the nonlinear phase-matching condition and magnetic control of surface plasmon polaritons generated at the SHG frequency.
Date: Wednesday 2018.11.28Speaker: M.Sc. Vojtěch TrávníčekAffiliation: Joint Laboratory of Optics of Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech RepublicTitle: Experimental measurement of nonlinear entanglement witness by hyper-entangling two-qubit statesAbstract: We demonstrate that non–linear entanglement witnesses can be made particularly useful for en- tanglement detection in hyper–entangled or multilevel states. We test this idea experimentally on the platform of linear optics using a hyper–entangled state of two photons. Instead of several simultaneous copies of two-photon entangled states, one can directly measure the witness on single copy of a hyper–entangled state. Our results indicate that hyper–entanglement can be used for quick entanglement detection and it provides a practical testbed for experiments with non–linear entanglement witnesses.
Date: Wednesday 2018.12.05Speaker: M.Sc. Vishal VashisthaAffiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Light channeling, bending and splitting via local modification of interfaces of a photonic-crystal slabAbstract: Photonics crystal slab (PC) consists of one, two, or three dimensions periodic array structures which are widely used for many applications in photonics such as guiding the light (waveguide), high-quality factor cavity resonator, photonic crystal fibers, and so on. In general, PCs are designed by removing the certain portion of the periodic array structures so-called defect region and this defect region is used to guide the light. We study a new hybrid PC slab which consists of dielectric rods coated with a thin layer of metal cap structures, and the defect region is created by just removing the thin layer of the metal cap. In this talk, I will present the various modes which exists in the defect region, and I will present the properties of different modes while propagating the light in different shapes of the waveguide.
Date: Wednesday 2018.12.05Speaker: Dr. hab. Maciej Wiesner (invited speaker)Affiliation: Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, PoznańTitle: Can surface plasmons break symmetry in topological insulators and graphene?Abstract: A monolayer graphene is a perfect material allowing for high frequency transport of electrons. Due to missing energy band gap its application in switching devices is not possible. The only way to open the band gap is symmetry breaking of a monolayer graphene.Topological insulators are famous of lack of scattering of electrons on structural defects. Topologically protected states can be observed in samples of thickness of 2 – 7 nm where contribution of bulk electrons bulk is limited. Fabrication of such thin layers requires advanced techniques like MBE. To reduce contribution of bulk electrons to surface conductivity one have to break symmetry of the topological insulator along z-direction.During this talk I will present results showing the effect of symmetry breaking in both materials due to surface plasmon generation.